Aliphatic hydrocarbons are mainly divided intro three section
Alkane. Alkene. Alkynes
First of all we discuss its introduction in which we learn what is saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Saturated hydrocarbons have carbons with maximum number of hydrogen. They have single-single carbon bonds e.g ethane. Wheares unsaturated hydrocarbons have carbons where some of the hydrogen have been removed to form double or triple carbon bond e.g ethane and ethane. Aliphatic hydrocarbons are the classification of hydrocarbons. In the early history organic compounds give the common name or trival name on the base of its preparation method,its history or the name of person working on it. E.g methane was called marsh gas because it was found in marshy areas. Acetic acid name is derived from latin word acetum means vinegar
Disadvantage of common name:
Prefixes n,iso, and neo are not workable with complex molecules
Common name do not indicate the similarity among different compounds…..
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